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Geology and Geological Engineering


Degrees Offered

  • Professional Master Degree (Petroleum Reservoir Systems) (Non-Thesis)
  • Professional Master Degree (Mineral Exploration) (Non-Thesis)
  • Professional Master Degree (Geochemistry) (Non-Thesis)
  • Master of Engineering (Geological Engineer) (Non-Thesis)
  • Master of Science (Geology)
  • Master of Science (Geological Engineering)
  • Master of Science (Geochemistry)
  • Master of Science (Hydrology), Thesis option
  • Master of Science (Hydrology), Non-thesis option
  • Doctor of Philosophy (Geology)
  • Doctor of Philosophy (Geochemistry)
  • Doctor of Philosophy (Geological Engineering)
  • Doctor of Philosophy (Hydrology)

Program Description

The Department of Geology and Geological Engineering offers Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy degrees in Geology, and Geochemistry; and Master of Engineering, Master of Science and Doctor of Philosophy degrees in Geological Engineering. Professional Master Degrees are offered in Petroleum Reservoir Systems, Mineral Exploration, and Geochemistry. Geological Engineering degrees require possession or acquisition of an undergraduate engineering degree or its equivalent.

Graduate students desiring to study ground water, engineering geology/geotechnics, mining engineering geology and some environmental applications are generally expected to pursue the Geological Engineering degree. Students desiring to study petroleum or minerals exploration or development sciences, geochemistry and/or geology generally pursue Geology or Geochemistry degrees. Students are initially admitted to either geoscience or geological engineering degree programs and must receive approval of the GE department Graduate Advisory Committee to switch degree category.

Program Requirements

Geology Degrees

The Master of Science (Geology) program will require 36 semester hours of course and research credit hours (a maximum of 9 credit hours may be 400-level course work). Twelve of the 36 credit hours must be research credits. To ensure breadth of background, the course of study for the Master of Science (Geology) degree must include at least one graduate course in each of the fields of stratigraphy/ sedimentology, structural geology/tectonics, and petrology. At the discretion of the student's Thesis Advisory Committee, an appropriate course may be substituted for one (and only one) of the fields above. Students must also complete GEOL507 (Graduate Seminar), as part of their course programs. All Master of Science (Geology) candidates must also complete an appropriate thesis, based upon original research they have conducted. A thesis proposal and course of study must be approved by the student's Thesis Advisory Committee before the candidate begins substantial work on the thesis research.

The requirement for Doctor of Philosophy (Geology) program will be established individually by a student's Doctoral Thesis Advisory Committee, but must meet the minimum requirements presented below. The Doctor of Philosophy (Geology) academic program will require a minimum of 72 hours of course and research credit hours (a maximum of 9 credit hours may be 400-level course work). All students must complete:

Course work48.0
Research24.0
Total Hours72.0

Up to 24 relevant course credit hours may be awarded by the student's Doctoral Thesis Advisory Committee for completion of a Master of Science degree (at CSM or elsewhere). To ensure breadth of background, the course of study to the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Geology) must include at least one graduate course in each of the fields of stratigraphy/sedimentology, structural geology/tectonics, and petrology (this breadth requirement may be satisfied by courses already taken as part of a Master of Science degree). At the discretion of the student's Doctoral Thesis Advisory Committee, an appropriate course may be substituted for one (and only one) of the fields above. In addition, students must complete GEOL608 (History of Geological Concepts) or an appropriate equivalent approved by the Doctoral Thesis Advisory Committee. All Doctor of Philosophy (Geology) students must pass a qualifying examination and must complete an appropriate thesis based upon original research they have conducted. A thesis proposal and course of study must be approved by the student's Doctoral Thesis Advisory Committee before the student begins substantial work on the thesis research.

Prospective students should submit the results of the Graduate Record Examination with their application for admission to graduate study. In the event that it is not possible, because of geographic and other restrictions, to take the Graduate Record Examination prior to enrolling at Colorado School of Mines, enrollment may be granted on a provisional basis subject to satisfactory completion of the examination within the first year of residence.

Prerequisites

Geology Program

The candidate for the degree of Master of Science (Geology) or Doctor of Philosophy (Geology) must have completed the following or equivalent subjects, for which credit toward an advanced degree will not be granted.

  • General Geology
  • Structural Geology
  • Field Geology (6 weeks)
  • Mineralogy
  • Petrology
  • Stratigraphy
  • Chemistry (3 semesters, including at least 1 semester of physical or organic)
  • Mathematics (2 semesters of calculus)
  • An additional science course (other than geology) or advanced mathematics
  • Physics (2 semesters)

Professional Master Degree Programs:

Candidates for the Professional Master Degree must possess an appropriate geosciences undergraduate degree or its equivalent. Prerequisites are the same as those required for the Master of Science (Geology) Degree.

Engineering Programs

The candidate for the degree of Master of Engineering (Geological Engineer), Master of Science (Geological Engineering) or Doctor of Philosophy (Geological Engineering) must have completed the following or equivalent subjects. Graduate credit may be granted for courses at or above the 400 level, if approved by the student’s advisory committee.

Mathematics

Four semesters including: Calculus (2 semesters) and one semester of any two of: calculus III, differential equations, probability and statistics, numerical analysis, linear algebra, operations research, optimization.

Basic Science

  • Chemistry (2 semesters)
  • Mineralogy and Petrology
  • Physics (2 semesters)
  • Stratigraphy or Sedimentation
  • Physical Geology
  • Computer Programming or GIS

Engineering Science

  • Structural Geology and one semester in four of the following subjects:
    • Physical Chemistry or Thermodynamics
    • Statics
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Fluid Mechanics
    • Dynamics
    • Soil Mechanics
    • Rock Mechanics

Engineering Design

  • Field Geology

As part of the graduate program each student must take one semester in two of the following subjects if such courses were not taken for a previous degree:

  • Mineral Deposits/Economic Geology
  • Hydrogeology
  • Engineering Geology

and also as part of the graduate program one semester in three of the following subjects if such courses were not taken for a previous degree:

  • Foundation Engineering
  • Engineering Hydrology
  • Geomorphology
  • Airphoto Interpretation, Photogeology, or Remote Sensing
  • Petroleum Geology
  • Introduction to Mining
  • Introductory Geophysics
  • Engineering Geology Design
  • Mineral Exploration Design
  • Groundwater Engineering Design
  • Other engineering design courses as approved by the program committee

Professional Master in Mineral Exploration

This non-thesis, master degree program is designed for working professionals who want to increase their knowledge and skills, while gaining a thorough up-date of advances across the spectrum of economic geology, mineral exploration techniques, and mining geosciences. Admission to the program is competitive. Preference will be given to applicants with a minimum of two years of industrial or equivalent experience.

The program requires a minimum of 30 credit hours. A minimum of 15 credit hours must be accumulated in five of the following core areas:

  • mineral deposits,
  • mineral exploration,
  • applied geophysics,
  • applied geochemistry,
  • applied structural geology,
  • petrology,
  • field geology, and
  • economic evaluation.

An additional 15 credit hours may be selected from the course offerings of the Department of Geology and Geological Engineering and allied departments including Mining Engineering, Economics and Business, Geophysics, Chemistry and Geochemistry, Metallurgy and Materials Science, and Environmental Sciences.

Selection of courses will be undertaken in consultation with the academic advisor. Up to 9 credit hours may be at the 400-level. All other credits towards the degree must be 500-level or above. A maximum of 9 credit hours may be independent study focusing on a topic relevant to the mineral exploration and mining industries.

Prerequisites: Admission to the program is generally restricted to individuals holding a four-year undergraduate degree in earth sciences. Candidates for the degree of Professional Master in Mineral Exploration must have completed the following or equivalent subjects, for which credit toward the advanced degree will not be granted. These are general geology, structural geology, field geology, mineralogy, petrology, chemistry (2 semesters), mathematics (2 semesters of calculus), physics (1 semester), and an additional science course other than geology.

Professional Master in Petroleum Reservoir Systems

This is a non-thesis, interdisciplinary master degree program jointly administered by the departments of Geology and Geological Engineering, Geophysics, and Petroleum Engineering. This program consists only of coursework in petroleum geoscience and engineering. No research is required.

General Administration

The three participating departments share oversight for this program through a committee consisting of one faculty member from each of the three departments. Students gain admission to the program by application to any of the three sponsoring departments. Students are administered by that department into which they first matriculate.

Requirements

The program requires a minimum of 36 credit hours. Up to 9 credit hours may be at the 400 level. All other credits toward the degree must be 500 level or above.

9 hours must consist of:

GPGN/PEGN419WELL LOG ANALYSIS AND FORMATION EVALUATION3.0
or GPGN/PEGN519 ADVANCED FORMATION EVALUATION
Select two of the following:6.0
MULTIDISCIPLINARY PETROLEUM DESIGN
INTEGRATED EXPLORATION AND DEVELOPMENT
INTEGRATED EXPLORATION AND DEVELOPMENT
Total Hours9.0

9 additional hours must consist of one course each from the 3 participating departments.

The remaining 18 hours may consist of graduate courses from any of the 3 participating departments, or other courses approved by the committee. Up to 6 hours may consist of independent study, including an industry project.

Geological Engineering Degrees

The Master of Engineering (Non-Thesis) Program in Geological Engineering outlined below may be completed by individuals already holding undergraduate or advanced degrees or as a combined degree program (see Graduate Degrees and Requirements section of this bulletin) by individuals already matriculated as undergraduate students at The Colorado School of Mines. The program is comprised of:

CORE Course Work30.0
GEGN599 INDEPENDENT STUDY6.0
Total Hours36.0

Up to nine credit hours can be at the 400 level and the remainder will be 500 or 600 level. For the combined degree program, courses recommended as appropriate for double counting may be chosen from:

GEGN403MINERAL EXPLORATION DESIGN3.0
GEGN439MULTIDISCIPLINARY PETROLEUM DESIGN3.0
GEGN469ENGINEERING GEOLOGY DESIGN3.0
GEGN470GROUND-WATER ENGINEERING DESIGN3.0

The typical program plan includes 15 course credit hours in both the fall and the spring terms followed by 6 independent study credit hours during the summer term. The non-thesis degree includes three areas of specialization (engineering geology/geotechnics, ground-water engineering, and mining geological engineering).

All Master of Engineering (Non-Thesis) program will include the following core requirements:

GEGN532GEOLOGICAL DATA ANALYSIS3.0
GEGN599 INDEPENDENT STUDY6.0

GEGN599 requires a project and report that demonstrate competence in the application of geological engineering principles that merits a grade of B or better. The project topic and content of the report is determined by the student’s advisor, in consultation with the student, and is approved by the Geological Engineering Graduate Program Committee. The format of the report will follow the guidelines for a professional journal paper.

The student, in consultation with the advisor, must prepare a formal program of courses and independent study topic for approval by the Geological Engineering Graduate Program Committee. The program must be submitted to the committee on or before the end of the first week of classes of the first semester.

The most common difficulty in scheduling completion of the degree involves satisfaction of prerequisites. Common deficiency courses are Statics, Mechanics of Materials, and Fluid Mechanics. These are essential to the engineering underpinnings of the degree. An intense program at CSM involving 18 credit hours each semester including Statics in the fall and Fluid Mechanics in the spring and 9 credits in the summer including Mechanics of Materials, allows these classes to be taken along with the standard program. Some students may choose to take these prerequisites elsewhere before arriving on the CSM campus.

Engineering Geology/Geotechnics Specialty (Non-Thesis)

Students working towards a Masters of Engineering (non-thesis) with specialization in Engineering Geology/ Geotechnics must meet the prerequisite course requirements listed later in this section. Required courses for the degree are:

GEGN467GROUNDWATER ENGINEERING4.0
GEGN468ENGINEERING GEOLOGY AND GEOTECHNICS4.0
GEGN532GEOLOGICAL DATA ANALYSIS3.0
GEGN570CASE HISTORIES IN GEOLOGICAL ENGINEERING AND HYDROGEOLOGY3.0
or GEGN571 ADVANCED ENGINEERING GEOLOGY
GEGN573GEOLOGICAL ENGINEERING SITE INVESTIGATION3.0
GEGN599 INDEPENDENT STUDY6.0
GEGN671LANDSLIDES: INVESTIGATION, ANALYSIS & MITIGATION3.0
or GEGN672 ADVANCED GEOTECHNICS
GE ELECT Electives *10.0
Total Hours36.0

*

Electives and course substitutions are approved by the Geological Engineering Graduate Program Committee and must be consistent with the program specialization. As part of their elective courses, students are required to have an advanced course in both soil and rock engineering. Possibilities for other electives include graduate-level rock mechanics and rock engineering, soil mechanics and foundations, ground water, site characterization, geographical information systems (GIS), project management and geophysics, for example.

Ground Water Engineering/Hydrogeology Specialty (Non-Thesis)

Students working towards a Masters of Engineering (non-thesis) with specialization in Ground Water Engineering and Hydrogeology must meet the prerequisite course requirements listed later in this section. Required courses for the degree (36 hours) are:

GEGN466GROUNDWATER ENGINEERING3.0
GEGN532GEOLOGICAL DATA ANALYSIS (Fall)3.0
GEGN681VADOSE ZONE HYDROLOGY (Fall )3.0
or GEGN581 ANALYTICAL HYDROLOGY
GEGN509INTRODUCTION TO AQUEOUS GEOCHEMISTRY (Fall or Spring)3.0
or CEEN550 PRINCIPLES OF ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY
GEGN583MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF GROUNDWATER SYSTEMS (Spring)3.0
GEGN470GROUND-WATER ENGINEERING DESIGN (Spring)3.0
or CEEN575 HAZARDOUS WASTE SITE REMEDIATION
GEGN575APPLICATIONS OF GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS (Fall/Spring)3.0
GEGN599 INDEPENDENT STUDY Summer6.0
GE ELECT Electives *9.0
Total Hours36.0

*

Electives and course substitutions are approved by the Geological Engineering Graduate Program Committee and must be consistent with the program specialization. As part of their elective courses, students are required to have at least one additional advanced course in hydrogeochemistry. Possibilities for other electives include courses in site characterization, environmental science and engineering, geographical information systems (GIS), geochemistry, and geophysics, for example.

Mining Geological Engineering Specialty (Non-Thesis)

Students working towards a Masters of Engineering (non-thesis) with specialization in Mining Geology must meet the prerequisite course requirements listed later in this section. Required courses for the degree are:

GEGN468ENGINEERING GEOLOGY AND GEOTECHNICS4.0
or GEGN467 GROUNDWATER ENGINEERING
GEGN532GEOLOGICAL DATA ANALYSIS3.0
GEOL515ADVANCED MINERAL DEPOSITS3.0
Selected Topics2-4
SELECTED TOPICS (Surface Mine Design OR)
SELECTED TOPICS (Underground Mine Design)
GE ELECT Elective *3.0
GEOL505ADVANCED STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY3.0
GEOL520NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN THE GEOLOGY AND EXPLORATION OF ORE DEPOSITS3.0
GE ELECT Elective *6.0
GEGN599 INDEPENDENT STUDY6.0
Total Hours33-35

*

Electives and course substitutions are approved by the Geological Engineering Graduate Program Committee and must be consistent with the program specialization. Typically, the elective courses are selected from the following topical areas: mineral deposits geology, ore microscopy, applied geophysics, applied geochemistry, remote sensing, engineering geology, environmental geology, engineering economics / management, mineral processing, geostatistics, geographic information systems, environmental or exploration and mining law, and computers sciences.

The Master of Science Degree Program in Geological Engineering requires a minimum of 36 semester hours of course and project/research credit hours (a maximum of 9 credit hours may be 400-level course work), plus a Graduate Thesis. The degree includes three areas of specialization (engineering geology/geotechnics, groundwater engineering, and mining geological engineering) with common requirements as follows:

GEGN532GEOLOGICAL DATA ANALYSIS3.0
GEGN707GRADUATE THESIS / DISSERTATION RESEARCH CREDIT (minimum)12.0
GEGN Course work, approved by the thesis committee24.0
Total Hours39.0

The content of the thesis is to be determined by the student’s advisory committee in consultation with the student. The Masters thesis must demonstrate creative and comprehensive ability in the development or application of geological engineering principles. The format of the thesis will follow the guidelines described under the Thesis Writer’s Guide.

In addition to the common course requirements, the Master of Science degree with specialization in Engineering Geology/Geotechnics requires:

GEGN467GROUNDWATER ENGINEERING4.0
GEGN468ENGINEERING GEOLOGY AND GEOTECHNICS4.0
GEGN570CASE HISTORIES IN GEOLOGICAL ENGINEERING AND HYDROGEOLOGY3.0
Select at least two of the following:6.0
ADVANCED ENGINEERING GEOLOGY
GEOLOGICAL ENGINEERING SITE INVESTIGATION
LANDSLIDES: INVESTIGATION, ANALYSIS & MITIGATION
ADVANCED GEOTECHNICS
Total Hours17.0

Typically, the additional courses are selected from the following topical areas: engineering geology, groundwater engineering, groundwater modeling, soil mechanics and foundations, rock mechanics, underground construction, seismic hazards, geomorphology, geographic information systems, construction management, finite element modeling, waste management, environmental engineering, environmental law, engineering management, and computer programming.

In addition to the common course requirements, the Master of Science degree with specialization in Ground Water also requires the following courses:

GEGN467GROUNDWATER ENGINEERING4.0
GEGN468ENGINEERING GEOLOGY AND GEOTECHNICS4.0
GEGN583MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF GROUNDWATER SYSTEMS3.0
2 Courses Selected as Follows:6.0
PRINCIPLES OF ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY
ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION: SOURCES, CHARACTERISTICS, TRANSPORT AND FATE
INTRODUCTION TO AQUEOUS GEOCHEMISTRY
ANALYTICAL HYDROLOGY
Total Hours17.0

As nearly all ground water software is written in Fortran, if the student does not know Fortran, a Fortran course must be taken before graduation, knowledge of other computer languages is encouraged.

In addition to the common course requirements, the Master of Science degree with specialization in Mining Geology also requires:

Specialty Areas (minimum)17.0
Total Hours17.0

This will include about 5–6 courses (predominantly at 500 and 600 level) selected by the student in conjunction with the Masters program advisory committee. Specialty areas might include: mineral deposits geology, mineral exploration, mining geology, mineral processing, applied geophysics, applied geochemistry, engineering geology, environmental geology, geostatistics, geographic information systems, environmental or exploration and mining law, engineering economics/ management, and computer sciences.

The Doctor of Philosophy (Geological Engineering) degree requires a minimum of 72 hours course work and research combined. Requirements include the same courses as for the Master of Science (Geological Engineering) with the additions noted below. After completing all coursework and an admission to candidacy application, the Dissertation is completed under GEGN707 Graduate Research. The content of the dissertation is to be determined by the student's advisory committee in consultation with the student. The dissertation must make a new contribution to the geological engineering profession. The format of the dissertation will follow the guidelines described under the Thesis Writer's Guide. A minimum of 24 research credits must be taken. Up to 24 course credit hours may be awarded by the candidate's Doctoral Thesis Advisory Committee for completion of a Master of Science degree (at CSM or elsewhere).

In addition to the common course requirements, a PhD specializing in Engineering Geology/Geotechnics requires additional course work tailored to the student’s specific interests and approved by the doctoral program committee. (Typically, the additional courses are selected from the following topical areas: engineering geology, groundwater engineering, groundwater modeling, soil mechanics and foundations, rock mechanics, underground construction, seismic hazards, geomorphology, geographic information systems, construction management, finite element modeling, waste management, environmental engineering, environmental law, engineering management, and computer programming.)

In addition to the common course requirements listed previously, a PhD specializing in Ground Water also requires:

GEGN581ANALYTICAL HYDROLOGY3.0
GEGN669ADVANCED TOPICS IN ENGINEERING HYDROGEOLOGY1-2
GEGN681VADOSE ZONE HYDROLOGY3.0
GEGN683ADVANCED GROUND WATER MODELING3.0

and additional course work tailored to the student’s specific interests, which are likely to include chemistry, engineering, environmental science, geophysics, math (particularly Partial Differential Equations), microbiology, organic chemistry, contaminant transport, soil physics, optimization, shallow resistivity or seismic methods. The student’s advisory committee has the authority to approve elective courses and any substitutions for required courses.

In addition to the common course requirements, a PhD specializing in Mining Geology also requires:

GEGN468ENGINEERING GEOLOGY AND GEOTECHNICS4.0
or GEGN467 GROUNDWATER ENGINEERING
GEOL505ADVANCED STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY3.0
GEOL515ADVANCED MINERAL DEPOSITS3.0
GEOL520NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN THE GEOLOGY AND EXPLORATION OF ORE DEPOSITS3.0
MNGN523SELECTED TOPICS (Surface Mine Design or Underground Mine Design)2.0
Total Hours15.0

Additional course work suited to the student’s specific interests and approved by the doctoral program committee. (Typically, the additional courses are selected from the following topical areas: mineral deposits geology, mineral exploration, mining geology, mineral processing, applied geophysics, applied geochemistry, engineering geology, environmental geology, geostatistics, geographic information systems, environmental or exploration and mining law, engineering economics/management, and computer sciences).

Geochemistry

The Geochemistry Program is an interdisciplinary graduate program administered by the departments of Geology and Geological Engineering and Chemistry and Geochemistry. The geochemistry faculty from each department are responsible for the operations of the program. Student reside in either Department. Please see the Geochemistry section of the Bulletin for detailed information on this degree program.

Hydrologic Science and Engineering

The Hydrologic Science and Engineering (HSE) Program is an interdisciplinary graduate program comprised of faculty from several different CSM departments. Please see the Hydrologic Science and Engineering section of the Bulletin for detailed information on this degree program.

Qualifying Examination

Ph.D. students in Geology, Geological Engineering, Geochemistry, and Hydrologic Science and Engineering must pass a qualifying examination by the end of the second year of their programs. This timing may be adjusted for part-time students. This examination will be administered by the student's Doctoral committee and will consist of an oral and a written examination, administered in a format to be determined by the Doctoral Committee. Two negative votes in the Doctoral Committee constitute failure of the examination. In case of failure of the qualifying examination, a re-examination may be given upon the recommendation of the Doctoral Committee and approval of the Graduate Dean. Only one re-examination may be given.

Courses

GEGN503. INTEGRATED EXPLORATION AND DEVELOPMENT. 3.0 Hours.

(I) Students work alone and in teams to study reservoirs from fluvial-deltaic and valley fill depositional environments. This is a multidisciplinary course that shows students how to characterize and model subsurface reservoir performance by integrating data, methods and concepts from geology, geophysics and petroleum engineering. Activities include field trips, computer modeling, written exercises and oral team presentations. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. 2 hours lecture, 3 hours lab; 3 semester hours. Offered fall semester, odd years.

GEGN504. INTEGRATED EXPLORATION AND DEVELOPMENT. 3.0 Hours.

(I) Students work in multidisciplinary teams to study practical problems and case studies in integrated subsurface exploration and development. The course addresses emerging technologies and timely topics with a general focus on carbonate reservoirs. Activities include field trips, 3D computer modeling, written exercises and oral team presentation. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. 3 hours lecture and seminar; 3 semester hours. Offered fall semester, even years.

GEGN509. INTRODUCTION TO AQUEOUS GEOCHEMISTRY. 3.0 Hours.

(I) Analytical, graphical and interpretive methods applied to aqueous systems. Thermodynamic properties of water and aqueous solutions. Calculations and graphical expression of acid-base, redox and solution-mineral equilibria. Effect of temperature and kinetics on natural aqueous systems. Adsorption and ion exchange equilibria between clays and oxide phases. Behavior of trace elements and complexation in aqueous systems. Application of organic geochemistry to natural aqueous systems. Light stable and unstable isotopic studies applied to aqueous systems. Prerequisite: DCGN209 or equivalent, or consent of instructor. 3 hours lecture; 3 semester hours.

GEGN520. INDUSTRIAL MINERALS AND ROCKS. 3.0 Hours.

Introduction to the Industrial Minerals industry via appreciation of geologic occurrence, physical and chemical material properties, mining and processing considerations, and marketing of various commodities. Development of skills in preparation of commodity surveys, reserves and resources classifications, and project appraisals. Required field trips to operational sites and trip reports. Mid-term and final exams. Individual student commodity term project and presentation. Prerequisite: Senior or graduate status in earth resources field or consent of instructor. 3 hours lecture/seminar; 3 semester hours. Offered alternate years when student demand is sufficient.

GEGN527. ORGANIC GEOCHEMISTRY OF FOSSIL FUELS AND ORE DEPOSITS. 3.0 Hours.

(II) A study of organic carbonaceous materials in relation to the genesis and modification of fossil fuel and ore deposits. The biological origin of the organic matter will be discussed with emphasis on contributions of microorganisms to the nature of these deposits. Biochemical and thermal changes which convert the organic compounds into petroleum, oil shale, tar sand, coal, and other carbonaceous matter will be studied. Principal analytical techniques used for the characterization of organic matter in the geosphere and for evaluation of oil and gas source potential will be discussed. Laboratory exercises will emphasize source rock evaluation, and oil-source rock and oil-oil correlation methods. Prerequisite: CHGN221, GEGN438, or consent of instructor. 2 hours lecture; 3 hours lab; 3 semester hours. Offered alternate years.

GEGN530. CLAY CHARACTERIZATION. 1.0 Hour.

(I) Clay mineral structure, chemistry and classification, physical properties (flocculation and swelling, cation exchange capacity, surface area and charge), geological occurrence, controls on their stabilities. Principles of X-ray diffraction, including sample preparation techniques, data collection and interpretation, and clay separation and treatment methods. The use of scanning electron microscopy to investigate clay distribution and morphology. Methods of measuring cation exchange capacity and surface area. Prerequisite: GEGN206 or equivalent, or consent of instructor. 1 hour lecture, 2 hours lab; 1 semester hour.

GEGN532. GEOLOGICAL DATA ANALYSIS. 3.0 Hours.

(I or II) Techniques and strategy of data analysis in geology and geological engineering: basic statistics review, analysis of data sequences, mapping, sampling and sample representativity, univariate and multivariate statistics, geostatistics, and geographic information systems (GIS). Practical experience with geological applications via supplied software and data sets from case histories. Prerequisites: Introductory statistics course (MATH323 or MATH530 equivalent) or permission of instructor. 2 hours lecture/discussion; 3 hours lab; 3 semester hours.

GEGN570. CASE HISTORIES IN GEOLOGICAL ENGINEERING AND HYDROGEOLOGY. 3.0 Hours.

(I) Case histories in geological and geotechnical engineering, ground water, and waste management problems. Students are assigned problems and must recommend solutions and/or prepare defendable work plans. Discussions center on the role of the geological engineer in working with government regulators, private-sector clients, other consultants, and other special interest groups. Prerequisite: GEGN467, GEGN468, GEGN469, GEGN470 or consent of instructor. 3 hours lecture; 3 semester hours.

GEGN571. ADVANCED ENGINEERING GEOLOGY. 3.0 Hours.

(I) Emphasis will be on engineering geology mapping methods, and geologic hazards assessment applied to site selection and site assessment for a variety of human activities. Prerequisite: GEGN468 or equivalent. 2 hours lecture, 3 hours lab; 3 semester hours. Offered alternate years.

GEGN573. GEOLOGICAL ENGINEERING SITE INVESTIGATION. 3.0 Hours.

(II) Methods of field investigation, testing, and monitoring for geotechnical and hazardous waste sites, including: drilling and sampling methods, sample logging, field testing methods, instrumentation, trench logging, foundation inspection, engineering stratigraphic column and engineering soils map construction. Projects will include technical writing for investigations (reports, memos, proposals, workplans). Class will culminate in practice conducting simulated investigations (using a computer simulator). 3 hours lecture; 3 semester hours.

GEGN575. APPLICATIONS OF GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS. 3.0 Hours.

(II) An introduction to Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and their applications to all areas of geology and geological engineering. Lecture topics include: principles of GIS, data structures, digital elevation models, data input and verification, data analysis and spatial modeling, data quality and error propagation, methods of GIS evaluation and selection. Laboratories will use Macintosh and DOS-based personal computer systems for GIS projects, as well as video-presentations. Visits to local GIS laboratories, and field studies will be required. 2 hours lecture, 3 hours lab; 3 semester hours.

GEGN578. GIS PROJECT DESIGN. 1-3 Hour.

(I, II) Project implementation of GIS analysis. Projects may be undertaken by individual students, or small student teams. Documentation of all project design stages, including user needs assessment, implementation procedures, hardware and software selection, data sources and acquisition, and project success assessment. Various GIS software may be used; projects may involve 2-dimensional GIS, 3-dimensional subsurface models, or multi-dimensional time-series analysis. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. Variable credit, 1-3 semester hours, depending on project. Offered on demand.

GEGN581. ANALYTICAL HYDROLOGY. 3.0 Hours.

(I) Lectures, assigned readings, and discussions concerning the theory, measurement, and estimation of ground water param eters, fractured-rock flow, new or specialized methods of well hydraulics and pump tests, tracer methods. Prerequisite: GEGN467 or consent of instructor. 3 hours lecture; 3 semester hours.

GEGN582. INTEGRATED SURFACE WATER HYDROLOGY. 3.0 Hours.

(I) This course provides a quantitative, integrated view of the hydrologic cycle. The movement and behavior of water in the atmosphere (including boundary layer dynamics and precipitation mechanisms), fluxes of water between the atmosphere and land surface (including evaporation, transpiration, precipitation, interception and through fall) and connections between the water and energy balances (including radiation and temperature) are discussed at a range of spatial and temporal scales. Additionally, movement of water along the land surface (overland flow and snow dynamics) and in the subsurface (saturated and unsaturated flow) as well as surface-subsurface exchanges and runoff generation are also covered. Finally, integration and connections within the hydrologic cycle and scaling of river systems are discussed. Prerequisites: Groundwater Engineering (GEGN466/GEGN467), Fluid Mechanics (GEGN351/ EGGN351), math up to differential equations, or equivalent classes as determined by the instructor. 3 hours lecture; 3 semester hours.

GEGN583. MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF GROUNDWATER SYSTEMS. 3.0 Hours.

(II) Lectures, assigned readings, and direct computer experience concerning the fundamentals and applications of finite-difference and finite-element numerical methods and analytical solutions to ground water flow and mass transport problems. Prerequisite: A knowledge of FORTRAN programming, mathematics through differential and integral calculus, and GEGN467 or consent of instructor. 3 hours lecture; 3 semester hours.

GEGN584. FIELD METHODS IN HYDROLOGY. 3.0 Hours.

(I) Design and implementation of tests that characterize surface and subsurface hydrologic systems, including data logger programming, sensor calibration, pumping tests, slug tests, infiltration tests, stream gauging and dilution measurements, and geophysical (EM, resistivity, and/or SP) surveys. Prerequisites: Groundwater Engineering (GEGN466/GEGN467, Surface Water Hydrology (ESGN582) or equivalent classes as determined by the instructor. 2 hours lecture; 5 hours lab and field exercises one day of the week. Days TBD by instructor; 3 semester hours.

GEGN598. SEMINAR IN GEOLOGY OR GEOLOGICAL ENGINEERING. 1-3 Hour.

(I, II) Special topics classes, taught on a one-time basis. May include lecture, laboratory and field trip activities. Prerequisite: Approval of instructor and department head. Variable credit; 1 to 3 semester hours. Repeatable for credit under different topics.

GEGN599. INDEPENDENT STUDY IN ENGINEERING GEOLOGY OR ENGINEERING HYDROGEOLOGY. 1-6 Hour.

(I, II) Individual special studies, laboratory and/or field problems in geological engineering or engineering hydrogeology. Prerequisite: Approval of instructor and department head. Variable credit; 1 to 6 credit hours. Repeatable for credit.

GEGN669. ADVANCED TOPICS IN ENGINEERING HYDROGEOLOGY. 1-2 Hour.

(I, II) Review of current literature and research regarding selected topics in hydrogeology. Group discussion and individual participation. Guest speakers and field trips may be incorporated into the course. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. 1 to 2 semester hours; may be repeated for credit with consent of instructor.

GEGN670. ADVANCED TOPICS IN GEOLOGICAL ENGINEERING. 3.0 Hours.

(I, II) Review of current literature and research regarding selected topics in engineering geology. Group discussion and individual participation. Guest speakers and field trips may be incorporated into the course. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. 3 hours lecture; 3 semester hours. Repeatable for credit under different topics.

GEGN671. LANDSLIDES: INVESTIGATION, ANALYSIS & MITIGATION. 3.0 Hours.

(I) Geological investigation, analysis, and design of natural rock and soil slopes and mitigation of unstable slopes. Topics include landslide types and processes, triggering mechanisms, mechanics of movements, landslide investigation and characterization, monitoring and instrumentation, soil slope stability analysis, rock slope stability analysis, rock fall analysis, stabilization and risk reduction measures. Prerequisites: GEGN468, EGGN361, MNGN321, (or equivalents) or consent of instructor. 3 hours lecture; 3 semester hours.

GEGN672. ADVANCED GEOTECHNICS. 3.0 Hours.

Practical analysis and application of techniques in weak rock engineering, ground-water control in construction, fluvial stabilization and control, earthquake hazard assessment, engineering geology in construction, engineering geology in dam investigation, and other current topics in geotechnics practice. Prerequisite: GEGN468, CEEN312, CEEN312L and MNGN321. 3 hours lecture; 3 semester hours. Offered alternate years.

GEGN673. ADVANCED GEOLOGICAL ENGINEERING DESIGN. 3.0 Hours.

(II) Application of geological principles and analytical techniques to solve complex engineering problems related to geology, such as mitigation of natural hazards, stabilization of earth materials, and optimization of construction options. Design tools to be covered will include problem solving techniques, optimization, reliability, maintainability, and economic analysis. Students will complete independent and group design projects, as well as a case analysis of a design failure. 3 hours lecture; 3 semester hours. Offered alternate years.

GEGN681. VADOSE ZONE HYDROLOGY. 3.0 Hours.

(II) Study of the physics of unsaturated groundwater flow and contaminant transport. Fundamental processes and data collection methods will be presented. The emphasis will be on analytic solutions to the unsaturated flow equations and analysis of field data. Application to non-miscible fluids, such as gasoline, will be made. The fate of leaks from underground tanks will be analyzed. Prerequisites: GEGN467 or equivalent; Math through Differential Equations; or consent of instructor. 3 hours lecture; 3 semester hours.

GEGN682. FLOW AND TRANSPORT IN FRACTURED ROCK. 3.0 Hours.

(I) Explores the application of hydrologic and engineering principles to flow and transport in fractured rock. Emphasis is on analysis of field data and the differences between flow and transport in porous media and fractured rock. Teams work together throughout the semester to solve problems using field data, collect and analyze field data, and do independent research in flow and transport in fractured rock. Prerequisites: GEGN581 or consent of instructor. 3 hours lecture; 3 credit hours. Offered alternate years.

GEGN683. ADVANCED GROUND WATER MODELING. 3.0 Hours.

(II) Flow and solute transport modeling including: 1) advanced analytical modeling methods; 2) finite elements, random-walk, and method of characteristics numerical methods; 3) discussion of alternative computer codes for modeling and presentation of the essential features of a number of codes; 4) study of selection of appropriate computer codes for specific modeling problems; 5) application of models to ground water problems; and 6) study of completed modeling projects through literature review, reading and discussion. Prerequisite: GEGN509/CHGC509 or GEGN583, or consent of instructor. 2 hours lecture, 3 hours lab; 3 semester hours.

GEGN699. INDEPENDENT STUDY IN ENGINEERING GEOLOGY OR ENGINEERING HYDROGEOLOGY. 1-6 Hour.

(I, II) Individual special studies, laboratory and/or field problems in geological engineering or engineering hydrogeology. Pre-requisite: Approval of instructor and department head. Variable credit; 1 to 6 credit hours. Repeatable for credit.

GEGN707. GRADUATE THESIS / DISSERTATION RESEARCH CREDIT. 1-15 Hour.

(I, II, S) Research credit hours required for completion of a Masters-level thesis or Doctoral dissertation. Research must be carried out under the direct supervision of the student's faculty advisor. Variable class and semester hours. Repeatable for credit.

GEGX571. GEOCHEMICAL EXPLORATION. 3.0 Hours.

(I) Dispersion of trace metals from mineral deposits and their discovery. Laboratory consists of analysis and statistical interpretation of data of soils, stream sediments, vegetation, and rock in connection with field problems. Term report required. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. 2 hours lecture, 3 hours lab; 3 semester hours.

GEOL501. APPLIED STRATIGRAPHY. 4.0 Hours.

(I) Review of basic concepts in siliciclastic and carbonate sedimentology and stratigraphy. Introduction to advanced concepts and their application to exploration and development of fossil fuels and stratiform mineral deposits. Modern facies models and sequence-stratigraphic concepts applied to solving stratigraphic problems in field and subsurface settings. Prerequisites: GEOL314 or equivalent or consent of instructor. 3 hours lecture, 4 hours lab; 4 semester hours.

GEOL502. STRUCTURAL METHODS FOR SEISMIC INTERPRETATION. 3.0 Hours.

(I) A practical course that covers the wide variety of structural methods and techniques that are essential to produce a valid and coherent interpretation of 2D and 3D seismic reflection data in structurally complex areas. Topics covered include: Extensional tectonics, fold and thrust belts, salt tectonics, inversion tectonics and strike-slip fault systems. Laboratory exercises are based on seismic datasets from a wide variety of structural regimes from across the globe. The course includes a 4 day field trip to SE Utah. Prerequisite: GEOL309 and GEOL314 or GEOL315, or equivalents, or consent of instructor. 3 hours lecture/lab; 3 semester hours.

GEOL505. ADVANCED STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY. 3.0 Hours.

(I) Advanced Structural Geology builds on basic undergraduate Structural Geology. Structures such as folds, faults, foliations, lineations and shear zones will be considered in detail. The course focuses on microstructures, complex geometries and multiple generations of deformation. The laboratory consists of microscopy, in-class problems, and some field-based problems. Prerequisites: GEGN307, GEOL309, GEGN316, GEOL321, or equivalents. 2 hours lecture, 2 hours lab, and field exercise; 3 semester hours.

GEOL507. GRADUATE SEMINAR. 1.0 Hour.

(II) Recent geologic ideas and literature reviewed. Preparation and oral presentation of short papers. 1 hour seminar; 1 semester hour. Required of all geology candidates for advanced degrees during their enrollment on campus.

GEOL512. MINERALOGY AND CRYSTAL CHEMISTRY. 3.0 Hours.

(I) Relationships among mineral chemistry, structure, crystallography, and physical properties. Systematic treatments of structural representation, defects, mineral stability and phase transitions, solid solutions, substitution mechanisms, and advanced methods of mineral identification and characterization. Applications of principles using petrological and environmental examples. Prerequisites: GEOL321, DCGN209 or equivalent or consent of instructor. 2 hours lecture, 3 hours lab; 3 semester hours. Offered alternate years.

GEOL513. HYDROTHERMAL GEOCHEMISTRY. 3.0 Hours.

(II) Geochemistry of high-temperature aqueous systems. Examines fundamental phase relationships in model systems at elevated temperatures and pressures. Major and trace element behavior during fluid-rock interaction. Theory and application of stable isotopes as applied to hydrothermal mineral deposits. Review of the origin of hydrothermal fluids and mechanisms of transport and deposition of ore minerals. Includes the study of the geochemistry of magmatic aqueous systems, geothermal systems, and submarine hydrothermal vents. Prerequisites: GEGN401 or consent of instructor. 2 hours lecture, 3 hours lab; 3 semester hours.

GEOL514. BUSINESS OF ECONOMIC GEOLOGY. 3.0 Hours.

Examines the business side of mineral exploration including company structure, fundraising, stock market rules and regulations, and legal environment. Reviews the types of minerals exploration companies, differences between mineral sectors, rules and practices of listing a minerals company on a stock exchange, and legal requirements of listing and presenting data to stockholders. The course is centered on lectures by industry representatives from the Denver area. Includes participation in a technical conference in Vancouver or Toronto and meetings with lawyers, stockbrokers, and geoscientists working in the mineral industry. Prerequisites: GEGN401 or consent of instructor. 3 hours lecture and seminar; 3 semester hours. Offered alternate years when student demand is sufficient.

GEOL515. ADVANCED MINERAL DEPOSITS. 3.0 Hours.

(I) Geology of mineral systems at a deposit, district, and regional scale formed by magmatic-hydrothermal, sedimentary/basinal, and metamorphic processes. Emphasis will be placed on a systems approach to evaluating metal and sulfur sources, transportation paths, and traps. Systems examined will vary by year and interest of the class. Involves a team-oriented research project that includes review of current literature and laboratory research. Prerequisites: GEGN401 or consent of instructor. 1 hour lecture, 5 hours lab; 3 semester hours. Repeatable for credit.

GEOL517. FIELD METHODS FOR ECONOMIC GEOLOGY. 3.0 Hours.

(II) Methods of field practices related to mineral exploration and mining. Lithology, structural geology, alteration, and mineralization vein-type precious metal deposits. Mapping is conducted both underground at the Edgar Test Mine and above ground in the Idaho Springs area. Drill core and rock chips from different deposit types are utilized. Technical reports are prepared for each of four projects. Class is run on Saturday (9 am-4 pm) throughout the semester. Prerequisites: GEGN401 or consent of instructor. 6 hours lab and seminar; 3 semester hours. Offered alternate years when student demand is sufficient.

GEOL518. MINERAL EXPLORATION. 3.0 Hours.

(II) Mineral industry overview, deposit economics, target selection, deposit modeling, exploration technology, international exploration, environmental issues, program planning, proposal development. Team development and presentation of an exploration proposal. Prerequisite: GEOL515, GEOL520, or equivalent. 2 hours lecture/seminar, 3 hours lab; 3 semester hours. Offered when student demand is sufficient.

GEOL519. ABITIBI GEOLOGY AND EXPLORATION FIELD SCHOOL. 3.0 Hours.

(II, S) Methods of field practices related to mineral exploration and mining. Regional and deposit-scale geology of Archean mineral deposits, including lode gold deposits and volcanic-hosted massive sulfide deposits. Includes mineral prospect evaluation, structural geology, physical volcanology, deposit definition, alteration mapping, mining methods, ore processing, and metallurgy. Core logging, underground stope mapping, open pit mapping, lithogeochemical sampling, and field-analytical techniques. Course involves a seminar in the spring semester that focuses on the geology and deposit types in the area to be visited. An intense 14-day field trip is run in the summer semester. Each day includes up to 4 hours of instruction in the field and 4 hours of team-oriented field exercises. Prerequisites: Consent of instructor. 6 hours lab and seminar; 2 semester hours in spring, 1 semester hour in summer. Offered alternate years when student demand is sufficient.

GEOL520. NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN THE GEOLOGY AND EXPLORATION OF ORE DEPOSITS. 3.0 Hours.

(I, II) Each topic unique and focused on a specific mineral deposit type or timely aspects of economic geology. Review of the geological and geographic setting of a specific magmatic, hydrothermal, or sedimentary mineral deposit type. Detailed study of the physical and chemical characteristics of selected deposits and mining districts. Theory and application of geological field methods and geochemical investigations. Includes a discussion of genetic models, exploration strategies, and mining methods. Prerequistes: GEGN401 or consent of instructor. 2 hours lecture; 2 semester hours. Repeatable for credit.

GEOL521. FIELD AND ORE DEPOSIT GEOLOGY. 3.0 Hours.

(I, S) Field study of major mineral deposit districts inside and outside of the USA. Examines regional and deposit-scale geology. Underground and open pit mine visits and regional traverses. Topics addressed include deposit definition, structural geology, alteration mapping, mining methods, and ore processing. Course involves a seminar in the spring semester that focuses on the geology and deposit types in the area to be visited. An intense 10-14 day field trip is run in the summer semester. Prerequisites: Consent of instructor. 6 hours lab and seminar; 2 semester hours in spring, 1 semester hour in summer. Offered alternate years when student demand is sufficient. Repeatable for credit.

GEOL522. TECTONICS AND SEDIMENTATION. 3.0 Hours.

(II) Application and integration of advanced sedimentologic and stratigraphic concepts to understand crustal deformation at a wide range of spatial- and time-scales. Key concepts include: growth-strata analysis, interpretation of detrital composition (conglomerate unroofing sequences and sandstone provenance trends), paleocurrent deflection and thinning trends, tectonic control on facies distribution and basic detrital zircon and fission track analysis. Students will read a wide range of literature to explore the utility and limitation of traditional "tectonic signatures" in stratigraphy, and will work on outcrop and subsurface datasets to master these concepts. Special attention is paid to fold-thrust belt, extensional and salt-related deformation. The course has important applications in Petroleum Geology, Geologic Hazards, and Hydrogeology. Required: 2-3 fieldtrips, class presentations, and a final paper that is written in a peer-reviewed journal format. Prerequisites: GEOL314 or equivalent, and GEOL309 or equivalent. 3 hours lecture and seminar; 3 semester hours. Offered even years.

GEOL523. REFLECTED LIGHT AND ELECTRON MICROSCOPY. 3.0 Hours.

(I) Theoretical and practical aspects of reflected light and electron microscopy. Emphasis will be placed on applications to ore deposit exploration and research. Lecture and discussion topics will highlight both standard and new techniques and instrumentation including SEM and QEMSCAN, as well as key questions in mineral deposit genesis which can be addressed using reflected light and electron microscopy. Includes detailed study of a selected suite of samples, with emphasis on mineral identification, textural relationships, paragenetic sequences, and mineral chemistry. Course culminates in a project. Prerequisites: GEGN401 or consent of instructor. 2 hours lecture, 2 hours lab; 3 semester hours.

GEOL525. TECTONOTHERMAL EVOLUTION OF THE CONTINENTS. 3.0 Hours.

(I) Evolution of the continental crust with a specific focus on processes occurring at collisional margins. Emphasis will be on the application of metamorphic processes and concepts., including integration of major, trace, and isotopic geochemistry of rocks and minerals to interpreting and understanding the tectonic and thermal evolution of the crust through space and time. Laboratory emphasizes the interpretation of metamorphic textures and assemblages within the context of geochemistry and deformation, and the application of thermodynamic principles to the understanding of the thermal history of rocks and terrains. Prerequiste: Appropriate undergraduate optical mineralogy and petrology coursework (GEOL321 and GEGN307, or equivalent) or consent of instructor. 2 hours lecture and seminar, 3 hours lab: 3 semester hours. Offered alternate years.

GEOL530. CLAY CHARACTERIZATION. 1.0 Hour.

(I) Clay mineral structure, chemistry and classification, physical properties (flocculation and swelling, cation exchange capacity, surface area and charge), geological occurrence, controls on their stabilities. Principles of X-ray diffraction, including sample preparation techniques, data collection and interpretation, and clay separation and treatment methods. The use of scanning electron microscopy to investigate clay distribution and morphology. Methods of measuring cation exchange capacity and surface area. Prerequisite: GEGN206 or equivalent, or consent of instructor. 1 hour lecture, 2 hours lab; 1 semester hour.

GEOL550. INTEGRATED BASIN MODELING. 3.0 Hours.

(I) This course introduces students to principal methods in computer-based basin modeling: structural modeling and tectonic restoration; thermal modeling and hydrocarbon generation; and stratigraphic modeling. Students apply techniques to real data set that includes seismic and well data and learn to integrate results from multiple approaches in interpreting a basin's history. The course is primarily a lab course. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. A course background in structural geology, sedimentology/stratigraphy or organic geochemistry will be helpful. 1 hour lecture, 5 hours labs; 3 semester hours.

GEOL551. APPLIED PETROLEUM GEOLOGY. 3.0 Hours.

(II) Subjects to be covered include computer subsurface mapping and cross sections, petrophysical analysis of well data, digitizing well logs, analyzing production decline curves, creating hydrocarbon- porosity-thickness maps, volumetric calculations, seismic structural and stratigraphic mapping techniques, and basin modeling of hydrocarbon generation. Students are exposed to three software packages used extensively by the oil and gas industry. Prerequisite: GEGN438 or GEOL609 or consent of instructor. 3 hours lecture; 3 semester hours.

GEOL552. UNCONVENTIONAL PETROLEUM SYSTEMS. 3.0 Hours.

(II) Unconventional petroleum systems have emerged as a critical and indispensable part of current US production and potential future reserves. Each of the 5 unconventional oil and 4 unconventional gas systems will be discussed: what are they, world wide examples, required technology to evaluate and produce, environmental issues, and production/resource numbers. The oil part of the course will be followed by looking at cores from these systems. The gas part of the course will include a field trip to the Denver, Eagle, and Piceance Basins in Colorado to see outstanding outcrops of actual producing units. Prerequisites: GEGN438 or GEOL609, GEGN527 or consent of instructor. 3 hours lecture; 3 semester hours. Offered alternate years.

GEOL553. GEOLOGY AND SEISMIC SIGNATURES OF RESERVOIR SYSTEMS. 3.0 Hours.

(II) This course is a comprehensive look at the depositional models, log signatures, characteristics, and seismic signatures for all the main reservoirs we explore for and produce from in the subsurface. The first half is devoted to the clastic reservoirs (12 in all); the second part to the carbonate reservoirs (7 total). The course will utilize many hands-on exercises using actual seismic lines for the various reservoir types. Prerequisites: GEOL501 or GEOL314. 3 hours lecture; 3 semester hours. Offered alternate years.

GEOL570. APPLICATIONS OF SATELLITE REMOTE SENSING. 3.0 Hours.

(II) An introduction to geoscience applications of satellite remote sensing of the Earth and planets. The lectures provide background on satellites, sensors, methodology, and diverse applications. Topics include visible, near infrared, and thermal infrared passive sensing, active microwave and radio sensing, and geodetic remote sensing. Lectures and labs involve use of data from a variety of instruments, as several applications to problems in the Earth and planetary sciences are presented. Students will complete independent term projects that are presented both written and orally at the end of the term. Prerequisites: PHGN200 and MATH225 or consent of instructor. 2 hours lecture, 2 hours lab; 3 semester hours.

GEOL580. INDUCED SEISMICITY. 3.0 Hours.

(II) Earthquakes are sometimes caused by the activities of man. These activities include mining and quarrying, petroleum and geothermal energy production, building water reservoirs and dams, and underground nuclear testing. This course will help students understand the characteristics and physical causes of man-made earthquakes and seismicity induced in various situations. Students will read published reports and objectively analyze the seismological and ancillary data therein to decide if the causative agent was man or natural processes. Prerequisites: Undergraduate geology and physics. 3 hours lecture; 3 semester hours. Offered spring semester, odd years.

GEOL597. SPECIAL SUMMER COURSE. 15.0 Hours.

GEOL598. SEMINAR IN GEOLOGY OR GEOLOGICAL ENGINEERING. 1-3 Hour.

(I, II) Special topics classes, taught on a one-time basis. May include lecture, laboratory and field trip activities. Prerequisite: Approval of instructor and department head. Variable credit; 1 to 3 semester hours. Repeatable for credit under different topics.

GEOL599. INDEPENDENT STUDY IN GEOLOGY. 1-3 Hour.

(I, II) Individual special studies, laboratory and/or field problems in geology. Prerequisite: Approval of instructor and department. Variable credit; 1 to 3 semester hours. Repeatable for credit.

GEOL601. FIELD STRATIGRAPHY. 1.0 Hour.

(II) Keynote lectures and a seminar series on select topics in stratigraphy, linked to a field trip. Specific topics vary yearly depending on course participant’s interests. Seminar discussions based on reading journal papers. Field trip consists of series of projects/exercises focused on making field observations and deducing interpretations, based on multiple hypotheses. Field trip includes specific observations and recognition criteria for depositional processes and environments, as well as for regional climatic and tectonic controls. Presentation required. Prerequisite: GEOL501. 3-4 seminars, 3 hours each, over the course of the semester, and a field trip; 1 semester hour.

GEOL608. HISTORY OF GEOLOGICAL CONCEPTS. 3.0 Hours.

(II) Lectures and seminars concerning the history and philosophy of the science of geology; emphasis on the historical development of basic geologic concepts. 3 hours lecture and seminar; 3 semester hours. Required of all doctoral candidates in department. Offered alternate years.

GEOL609. ADVANCED PETROLEUM GEOLOGY. 3.0 Hours.

(II) Subjects to be covered involve consideration of basic chemical, physical, biological and geological processes and their relation to modern concepts of oil/gas generation (including source rock deposition and maturation), and migration/accumulation (including that occurring under hydrodynamic conditions). Concepts will be applied to the historic and predictive occurrence of oil/gas to specific Rocky Mountain areas. In addition to lecture attendance, course work involves review of topical papers and solution of typical problems. Prerequisite: GEGN438 or consent of instructor. 3 hours lecture; 3 semester hours.

GEOL610. ADVANCED SEDIMENTOLOGY. 3.0 Hours.

(I) Keynote lectures, mixed with discussions, in-class exercises, core and field observations in a seminar series on sedimentology. Introduction to current hot topics in sedimentology, and discussions on fundamental principles. Specific topics vary yearly depending on most recent advancements and course participant’s interests. Quantitative sedimentology. Applications of sedimentology. All seminars are based on reading and discussing journal papers. Field trip to a modern environment. Essays and presentations required. Prerequisite: GEOL501. Acceptable to take GEOL610 at the same time, as GEOL501. 3 hours lecture and seminar; 3 semester hours. Offered alternate years.

GEOL611. SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY IN SEISMIC, WELL LOGS, AND OUTCROP. 3.0 Hours.

(I) Keynote lectures and a seminar series on the sequence stratigraphy of depositional systems, including both siliciclastics and carbonates and how they behave in changing sea-level, tectonic subsidence, and sediment supply conditions. Application of sequence stratigraphy concepts to reflection seismic, well-log, and outcrop datasets. Field trip and report required. Prerequisite: GEOL501. 3 hours lecture and seminar; 3 semester hours.

GEOL613. GEOLOGIC RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION. 3.0 Hours.

(I, II) Principles and practice of characterizing petro leum reservoirs using geologic and engineering data, including well logs, sample descriptions, routine and special core analysis and well tests. Emphasis is placed on practical analysis of such data sets from a variety of clastic petroleum reservoirs worldwide. These data sets are integrated into detailed characterizations, which then are used to solve practical oil and gas field problems. Prerequisites: GEGN438, GEOL501, GEOL505 or equivalents. 3 hours lecture; 3 semester hours.

GEOL617. THERMODYNAMICS AND MINERAL PHASE EQUILIBRIA. 3.0 Hours.

(I) Basic thermodynamics applied to natural geologic systems. Evaluation of mineral-vapor mineral solution, mineral-melt, and solid solution equilibria with special emphasis on oxide, sulfide, and silicate systems. Experimental and theoretical derivation, use, and application of phase diagrams relevant to natural rock systems. An emphasis will be placed on problem solving rather than basic theory. Prerequisite: DCGN209 or equivalent or consent of instructor. 3 hours lecture; 3 semester hours. Offered alternate years.

GEOL621. PETROLOGY OF DETRITAL ROCKS. 3.0 Hours.

(II) Compositions and textures of sandstones, siltstones, and mudrocks. Relationship of compositions and textures of provenance, environment of deposition, and burial history. Development of porosity and permeability. Laboratory exercises emphasize use of petrographic thin sections, x-ray diffraction analysis, and scanning electron microscopy to examine detrital rocks. A term project is required, involving petrographic analysis of samples selected by student. Pre-requisites: GEGN206 , GEOL321 or equivalent or consent of instructor. 2 hours lecture and seminar, 3 hours lab; 3 semester hours. Offered on demand.

GEOL624. CARBONATE SEDIMENTOLOGY AND PETROLOGY. 3.0 Hours.

(II) Processes involved in the deposition of carbonate sediments with an emphasis on Recent environments as analogs for ancient carbonate sequences. Carbonate facies recognition through bio- and lithofacies analysis, three-dimensional geometries, sedimentary dynamics, sedimentary structures, and facies associations. Laboratory stresses identification of Recent carbonate sediments and thin section analysis of carbonate classification, textures, non-skeletal and biogenic constituents, diagenesis, and porosity evolution. Prerequisite: GEOL321 and GEOL314 or consent of instructor. 2 hours lecture/seminar, 2 hours lab; 3 semester hours.

GEOL628. ADVANCED IGNEOUS PETROLOGY. 3.0 Hours.

(I) Igneous processes and concepts, emphasizing the genesis, evolution, and emplacement of tectonically and geochemically diverse volcanic and plutonic occurrences. Tectonic controls on igneous activity and petrochemistry. Petrographic study of igneous suites, mineralized and non-mineralized, from diverse tectonic settings. Prerequisites: GEOL321, GEGN206. 2 hours lecture, 3 hours lab; 3 semester hours. Offered alternate years.

GEOL642. FIELD GEOLOGY. 1-3 Hour.

(S) Field program operated concurrently with GEGN316 field camp to familiarize the student with basic field technique, geologic principles, and regional geology of Rocky Mountains. Prerequisite: Undergraduate degree in geology and GEGN316 or equivalent. During summer field session; 1 to 3 semester hours.

GEOL643. GRADUATE FIELD SEMINARS. 1-3 Hour.

(I, II, S) Special advanced field programs emphasizing detailed study of some aspects of geology. Normally conducted away from the Golden campus. Prerequisite: Restricted to Ph.D. or advanced M.S. candidates. Usually taken after at least one year of graduate residence. Background requirements vary according to nature of field study. Consent of instructor and department head is required. Fees are assessed for field and living expenses and transportation. 1 to 3 semester hours; may be repeated for credit with consent of instructor.

GEOL645. VOLCANOLOGY. 3.0 Hours.

(II) Assigned readings and seminar discussions on volcanic processes and products. Principal topics include pyroclastic rocks, craters and calderas, caldron subsidence, diatremes, volcanic domes, origin and evolution of volcanic magmas, and relation of volcanism to alteration and mineralization. Petrographic study of selected suites of lava and pyroclastic rocks in the laboratory. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. 1 hour seminar, 6 hours lab; 3 semester hours.

GEOL653. CARBONATE DIAGENESIS AND GEOCHEMISTRY. 3.0 Hours.

(II) Petrologic, geochemical, and isotopic approaches to the study of diagenetic changes in carbonate sediments and rocks. Topics covered include major near-surface diagenetic environments, subaerial exposure, dolomitization, burial diagenesis, carbonate aqueous equilibria, and the carbonate geochemistry of trace elements and stable isotopes. Laboratory stresses thin section recognition of diagenetic textures and fabrics, x-ray diffraction, and geochemical/isotopic approaches to diagenetic problems. Prerequisite: GEOL624 or equivalent or consent of instructor. 4 to 6 hours lecture/ seminar/lab; 3 semester hours.

GEOL699. INDEPENDENT STUDY IN GEOLOGY. 1-3 Hour.

(I, II). Individual special studies, laboratory and/or field problems in geology. Prerequisite: Approval of instructor and department. Variable credit; 1 to 3 semester hours. Repeatable for credit.

GEOL707. GRADUATE THESIS / DISSERTATION RESEARCH CREDIT. 1-15 Hour.

(I, II, S) Research credit hours required for completion of a Masters-level thesis or Doctoral dissertation. Research must be carried out under the direct supervision of the student's faculty advisor. Variable class and semester hours. Repeatable for credit.

Professor and Interim Department Head

Paul M. Santi

Professors

Wendy J. Harrison

Murray W. Hitzman, Charles F. Fogarty Professor of Economic Geology

John E. McCray, Department Head, Civil and Environment Engineering

Stephen A. Sonnenberg, Charles Boettcher Distinguished Chair in Petroleum Geology

Richard F. Wendlandt

Associate Professors

David A. Benson

Jerry D. Higgins

John D. Humphrey

Reed M. Maxwell

Piret Plink-Bjorklund

Kamini Singha, Joint appointment with Civil and Environmental Engineering

Bruce Trudgill

Wei Zhou

Assistant Professors

Nigel M. Kelly

Yvette Kuiper

Thomas Monecke

Alexis Sitchler

Teaching Associate Professor

Christian V. Shorey

Teaching Assistant Professor

Elizabeth Holley

Distinguished Scientist

Charles F. Kluth

Research Professor

David Pyles

Research Associate Professors

Donna S. Anderson

Mason Dykstra

Nicholas B. Harris

Karin Hoal

Research Assistant Professors

Jennifer L. Aschoff

Maeve Boland

Mary Carr

Professor Emerita

Eileen P. Poeter

Professors Emeriti

John B. Curtis

Thomas L.T. Grose

John D. Haun

Neil F. Hurley

Richard W. Hutchinson

Keenan Lee

Samuel B. Romberger

A. Keith Turner

John E. Warme

Robert J. Weimer

Associate Professors Emeriti

L. Graham Closs

Timothy A. Cross

Gregory S. Holden

Eric P. Nelson